Why we need criminal law? What are the objectives of it? And what questions does a criminal law seek to answer?
Criminal law is a body that is related to all forms of crimes in America. Such crimes include burglary, bombing, and placing lives of others into danger. It is a conduct shown by an individual that tends to threatened the existence of others. The statute to mean that the legislature enacts them states most of the criminal laws. Activities involved in the criminal laws is the punishment of people known to be offenders. The body of this law places their emphasis resolving the dispute other than implementing the punishment. Authority does not have a right to prosecute an individual who committed a crime that had not been declared a wrong at the time of the act.
Furthermore, the law states that one cannot be punished due to their financial and social status. Instead, there are factors taken into consideration for one to be termed as a criminal. There are three questions that criminal laws seeks to answer before the laws is passed into the court. An individual must have evidence that he/she committed a crime and then the type of crime committed. The third issue is knowing whether the person has defense towards the case.
The objectives of the criminal laws is meant to eliminate undesirable behaviors that often cultivate itself in the society. Moreover, every crime should compose elements of convicts in which different jurisdiction offer punishments depending on the level of the offense. It includes corporal and physical punishments. Corporal is making the offender to perform some lighter duties available in the site and it is meant for those who committed less serious act. However, physical punishments is imposing the victim into torture as a way of rectifying bad behaviors. The main agenda of the criminal law is to prohibit illegal behaviors that the constitution and the morals of the country do not tolerate. Someone is considered to have committed a crime whenever there is a proof of the action, which is labelled as the guilt act. Some crimes in the modern world do not require direct proof to show the crime and it has been termed as the strict liability. For instance, when an individual drives a vehicle when drunkard or alcohol has exceeded the prescribed level then, traffic do not require a proof for this. They instead collect proof by measuring the level of alcohol content.
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Furthermore, with a guilty act, an offender is provided with evidence for the crime. It may be presented in threatening to perform an act. However, the guilty act could be nullified when there is no real factors of causation. Public international law is dealing closely with factors that heightens the criminal conducts in our societies. However, some young children often engage in behaviors placing their lives into dangers. Therefore, it is the responsibility of criminal body to ensure that the society is behaving well according to the way it has been laid in the legal documents. Some factors might be contributing to such behaviors. For instance, countries like Egypt there has been an increasing cases of unemployment that is combined with inflation making most of its citizens desperate. When issues such as this affects human beings then, criminal actions tend to increase. Therefore, it is important for governments to ensure that the living conditions of people are bettered.
In criminal law, it is not enough for a prosecutor to conclude that the defended committed a crime without a proof. A culture has developed in the law courts where proof for the action should be provided. The reason for this is to clarify things and ensure that the wrong deeds is identified. Government officials, police officers, and the prosecutors have been given a procedure to use while hearing and filing a case. This is a constitutional right for the citizens that the government should respect. This right is essential so that the prosecutor could not obtain convictions regarding the case.